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초록
Purpose: For good communication, ones linguistic abilities should be supported by syntactic, semantic, phonological and
pragmatic skills. Among these, syntactic ability is essential because it both helps to understand which part each word
belongs to in a sentence and because it builds the form of a message. Thus, it is necessary to investigate grammaticality
judgment ability using knowledge of grammar to check the syntactic ability of the elderly. Methods: The subjects of this
study were 40 young people and 40 older people. This study investigated whether there were any differences in their
ability in a grammaticality judgment task, an error correction task, the correct response score, error correction type, and
error of sub-types of grammatical morphemes. Results: First, in the grammaticality judgment task, the elderly showed
significantly lower correct response scores and more delayed response rates than the young. Second, in the task of finding
and revising a mistake themselves, the elderly earned significantly lower correct response scores, and as for the error
correction type, the elderly had significantly more errors in grammatical and semantic revision. The elderly frequently
revised even correct sentences. Conclusions: Due to the change of meta-linguistic processing ability, including deterioration
in the frontal lobes, the elderly showed both grammatically judgment and error correction ability lower than the young. In
addition, when they process syntax, we saw that they judge semantically based on whether there is content value.
Keywords: Grammaticality judgment ability, error correction ability, normal elderly, reaction time
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