> 학술지 보기

  #초록보기
초록
Purpose: Parents’ interactive responses are important in language development of children; parents need to learn how to
interact with their children. It is, however, difficult to apply at home what parents learn from parental education. Thus, the
purpose of this study is to explore whether using an application that analyzes utterances increases the effects of parental
education. Methods: Children between the ages of three and four with ASD and their parents particpated in the study. Pretest
spontaneous speech samples were collected through parent-child interaction. Parental education sessions were then carried out
once a week for ten sessions. The experimental group used an utterance analyzing application, while the control group wrote
daily log. A post test collected and analyzed spontaneous speech from parent-child interactions. Results: Significant increments
in parents’ number of utterances, response ratio, and number of cues were shown. Significant decreases in initiation ratio were
shown. The number of utterances in parents in the experimental group decreased more than that of the control group. In the
case of children, initiation in the experimental group increased, while initiation in the control group decreased. Responses in
the experimental group decreased, while responses in the control group increased. The amount of turn-taking in conversations
between parents and their children significantly increased. Conclusions: An application that analyzes utterances assists in
increasing the effect of parental education to children with ASD and their parents’ utterances, initiation, response, and
turn-taking in conversation. The use of an utterances analysis application provides feedback on the interactions between
parents and children and is a helpful way to improve the effect of parental education at home.
Keywords: Utterance-analyzing application, parental education, autism spectrum disorders, initiation ratio,
turn-taking in conversation
periactine pour grossir enfin une solution periactin periactin vita
cialis walgreen coupon link cialis
naloxone challenge test low dose naltrexone bipolar opiate implant blocker